Bacharach Germany town history

Bacharach Germany on the Rhine river with Ruins of Saint Werner's Chapel (Wernerkapelle), Peters Church (Peterskirche), Old Posthof (old mail yard), Mint Tower (Munzturm), Market Tower (Marktturm), Parking area, Crane Tower (Kranenturm), Boat landing Stage no. 2.
Bacharach Germany on the Rhine river with Ruins of Saint Werner's Chapel (Wernerkapelle), Peters Church (Peterskirche), Old Posthof (old mail yard), Mint Tower (Munzturm), Market Tower (Marktturm), Parking area, Crane Tower (Kranenturm), Boat landing Stage no. 2.

Bacharach Germany town history

"Bacharach at the Rhine river is the oldest part of a piece of human settlement, that I have seen in my life. It's the old Bacchi ara. A volcanic rock which bears the name Ara Bacchi - altar of Bacchus - abruptly rises out of the water. Halfway up, above the Peterskirche (Peter's church) from the 11th century, you can see the ruins of the Wernerkapelle (Werner chapel) from the 15th century made of red sandstone, without doors, without a roof and without windows. A magnificent structure, whose fine contours silhouettes itself from the sky. Endlich als Krönung auf dem Gipfel des Berges die efeuumsponnene Verzahnung der Burg Stahleck, der Residenz der Pfalzgrafen aus dem 12. Jahrhundert. Das alles ist Bacharach am Rhein, dieser märchenhafte Ort, der von Sagen und Legenden umwoben."

This description can be read from the travel book "Le Rhin" by Victor Hugo, who, together with Heinrich Heine and other poets and painters, discoered the Rhine river romanticism in Bacharach at the Rhine river in the first half of the 19th century.

Bacharach is not a Roman foundation, but it is known that Bacharach at the Rhine river already existed before the Romans and its name can be traced back to Celtic colonization - Baccaracum. The first documentary mentioning was in the year 923.

The following Guelph rule on the Hohenstaufen was only of short period, namely until 1214. In the same year, the palatinate, which developed to the later Electoral Palatinate, was passed to the house Wittelsbach. Bacharach at the Rhine river belonged to the house Wittelsbach for almost 600 years until the French revolution.

After the release by Blucher in 1813/14, Bacharach at the Rhine river became Prussian. After the last war, Bacharach became Electoral Palatinate again at the government reorganization, if one identifies it with the present administrative district Rhinehessen Palatinate.

From 1214 until 1508 the count palatines operated a mint and coined, among others, the Bacharach gold guldens. With the rise to a trading metropolis, the political meaning rised also. In the year 1254, Bacharach and Diebach were admitted to the Rhenish Association of Cities and Towns. In the year 1314, the election of Ludwig of Bavaria as the German king took place here in a prince meeting.

The year 1317 brought the proclamation of the "Bacharach Public Peace" with the prohibition of knight conflicts and introduction of new tolls. In the year 1349, the marriage of emporer Karl IV. with Anna, daughter of the count palatine Rudolf took place on the castle Stahleck itself. The construction of the city wall followed in the years 1344 until 1364. In the year 1365, Bacharach at the Rhine river obtained town ordinances and privileges. In the year 1545, reformation came to the Viertalergebiet (area which contains 4 valleys).

First signs of revitalization of the former metropolis were destroyed by the warlike events at the end of the 17th century (Palatine war of succession) and the 18th century (French revolution and Napoleonic conquest). The strived regeneration could first be fulfilled bit by bit a few years after the Congress of Vienna in the first half of the 19th century.

With the opening of the "Binger Loch" ("Bingen hole") as the biggest boat trip barricade at the Middle Rhine river, the subsequent Rhine river regulation and the introduction of steam boats, the historic ware emporium was taken over by the boat landing stages for passenger boats. Since this time, several excursion day cruise boats pushed their way through in place of the former floating crane between Munztor (coin gate) and Zolltor (toll gate). The passengers of these boats, such as Victor Hugo, want to see and admire the Rhine river romanticism in Bacharach at the Rhine river and also enjoy the Bacharach Wine at wine tastings.


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Bacharach Germany on the Rhine river

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Castle Stahleck by Bacharach, Rhine river

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Pictures from Bacharach in Germany with towers and a medieval historical town wall

Bacharach Germany town history

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Bike tours, biking, hiking, climbing, camping, surfing, fishing, swimming

City map, road maps

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Wine tasting in the romantic brick arch wine cellar, Wine hiking

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Status: Donnerstag, 17. September 2020